Why do some of us learn things more easily than others? How the human brain works according to Dr. Lara Boyd. she is a brain researcher at the University of British Columbia. These are the questions that fascinate everybody. so brain research is one of the great frontiers of understanding of human physiology, and also in the concentration of what makes us who we are.
It’s an amazing time to be a brain researcher, and brain researcher is the most interesting job in the world. Many of us want to know about How does the Brain Work in our life and how we know about the brain is changing at a breathtaking pace and more what we thought. We knew and understood that the brain turns out it’s not true or incomplete. Some of these misconceptions are more clear than others. Example: we used to think that after childhood the brain could change And it turns out that nothing could be farther from the truth. Another misconception about the brain is that you only use parts of it at any given time and it’s silent when you are not doing anything. Well, it is also not true. It turns out that even when you are at a rest and free your brain is highly active. it’s been advances in technology such as MRI that allows us to make these and also many other important discoveries perhaps the most exciting and the most interesting and transformative of these discoveries.
Every time you are learning new facts or skills and you change your brain. It’s something that we call neuroplasticity. 25 years ago we thought that after about puberty the only changes that took place in the brain were negative. The loss of brain cells with is aging the result of damage like a stroke. Then studies began to show remarkable amounts of reorganization in the adult brain. And the ensuing research has shown us all of our behaviors are changing our brain. That these changes are not limited by age it’s a good news, in fact, they are taking place all the time very important. Brain reorganization helps to support rebuilt after you damage your brain. The key to each of these changes is neuroplasticity. So the question is what does it look like?
Our brain can change in three very basic ways to support learning. First is chemical. your brain actually functions by transferring chemical signals between brain cells. that we call neurons, and this triggered a series of actions and reactions. to support learning your brain can increase the amount or the concentrations of these chemical signaling taking place between neurons Because of this change can happen rapidly this supports short-term memory or the short-term improvement in the performance of a motor skill.
The second way that the brain can change to support learning is by altering its structure. during the time of learning, the brain can change the connections between neurons. Here the physical structure of the brain is actually changing so this takes a bit more time. These type of changes are related to long-term memory. Long-term is very improvement in a motor skill. These processes interact for example. We all tried to learn a new motor skill. maybe playing the piano, learning to juggle. You had the experience of getting better and better within a single session of practice and thinking “I got it.” And then you return. The next day and all those improvements from the day before are lost.
What Happens to Human Brain Lose Everything?
In the short-term, your brain was able to increase the chemical signaling between your neurons but for some reasons, these changes did not induce the structural changes that are necessary to support long-term memory. Remember that the long-term memories take time. And what you see in the short term does not reflect learning. these physical changes that are now going to support long-term memories and chemical changes that support short-term memories. Structural changes also can lead to integrated networks of brain regions that function together to support learning And they can also lead to certain brain regions that are important for very specific behaviors to change your structure or to enlarge. for examples People who read Braille have larger hand sensory areas in their brain than those who don’t. Your dominant hand motor region which is on the left side of your brain. if you are right handed is larger than the other side region. research shows that the London taxi cab drivers who actually have to memorize a map of London to get their taxi cab license. they have larger brain part devoted to spatial or mapping memories.
The last way that your brain can change to support learning is by altering its function as the which brain region you use. It becomes more and more excitable and easy to use again as your brain has these areas that increase their excitability the brain shifts how and when they are activated with learning. we notice that the whole networks of brain activity are shifting and changing. Neuroplasticity supported by chemical, structural and by functional changes. these are happening across the whole brain. They can occur in isolation from one or another but most often they take place in concert Together and they’re taking place all the time. so, I explained you the main question which is How does the brain work?
Now I will tell you something very important:
One thing is absolutely clear: The best driver of neuroplastic change in your brain is your behavior. The problem is that the döşe of behavior. the dose of practice that’s required to learn new and relearn old motor skills. And how effectively deliver these large doses of practice is a very difficult problem. So you don’t need to go any doctor or any master. Just focus on your behavior and practice. You will easily learn a new skill and improve your old and also it will helpful for your health. So the approach that my research has taken is to develop therapies that prime or that prepare the brain to learn. And these have included brain stimulation, exercise, and robotics. these lessons are very valuable in other areas. The first lesson is that the primary driver of change in your brain is your behavior so there is no neuroplasticity drug you can take.
Nothing is more effective than practice at helping you to learn and the bottom line is you have to do the work. in fact, my research has shown increased difficulty increased struggle if you will, during practice actually leads to both more learning and greater structural change in the brain. The problem is that neuroplasticity can work both ways.
It can be positive. you learn something new and you refine a motor skill And it also can be negative though you forgot something you once knew. You and your plastic brain are constantly being shaped by the world around you. Understand that everything you do. everything you encounter and everything you experience is changing your brain that can be for better but it can also be for worse. Go out and build the brain you want.
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